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Presidio of Monterey
Monterey, CA 93944-5006
p. 831-242-5828
w. www.dliflc.edu/

Defense Language Institute

Defense Language Institute Rating: 4.2/5 (10 votes)

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The Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC) got started at the beginning of World War Two, when a clandestine school was established at the Presidio of San Francisco to teach students Japanese. Classes began with 60 students, mostly of Japanese roots, taught by 4 instructors. Enrollment in the school grew exponentially during the second World War, and after many Japanese Americans were interned in camps in the west, the school was moved to Camp Savage, Minnesota. It was not until the war was over that the school moved to its present location in the Presidio of Monterey.


The campus is located along prime California coastline in beautiful Monterey. To attend, one must be a member of the U.S. Army or have sponsorship from a government agency. Throughout the year the Institute provides high-quality language instruction in over 24 foreign languages to around 3,500 students, and employs a staff of over 1,700 teachers. These intensive immersion programs, where students are taught in small groups of six to eight, involve a six hour per day, five days a week schedule. Depending on the difficulty level of the language being taught, these classes may range from 26 to 64 weeks. Upon the successful completion of a course and the transferral of 15 general education units from another institution, students receive an Associate of Arts degree.

A selection of the languages currently being taught include:

  • Arabic
  • Chinese
  • Dari
  • French
  • German
  • Hebrew
  • Hindi
  • Indonesian
  • Italian
  • Japanese
  • Korean
  • Kurdish (Kurmanji/Sorani)
  • Pashto
  • Persian Farsi
  • Portuguese
  • Russian
  • Serbian/Croatian
  • Spanish
  • Tagalog
  • Thai
  • Turkish
  • Urdu
  • Uzbek
  • The Language Schools are all comprised of departments, headed up by a civilian chairperson who manages staff and instructors. Teams of instructors develop curriculum, teach classes, and evaluate student performance.

    The Continuing Education program teaches intermediate and advanced students.

    The European and Latin American Language School is composed of three category 3 languages, one category 2 language, and four category 1 languages. Here, students can learn Serbian-Croatian, which uses Cyrillic and Latin, Hebrew, which uses consonant-based script, Russian, which uses the Cyrillic alphabet, or Portuguese, German, French, Italian, and Spanish, which all use the Latin alphabet.

    Middle Eastern Schools teach the Egyptian, Iraqi, and Levantine dialects of Arabic, as well as Modern Standard Arabic over the course of 64 weeks.

    The Asian Schools teach 64-week basic courses in Japanese, Chinese, and Korean through the use of immersion and examples of cultural materials such as traditional art, food, religion, and music.

    Category 3 students’ programs are 47 weeks long, category 2 student’s programs are 36 weeks, and category 1 students’ programs are 26 weeks. Teaching methods vary from commercial-book-based to Institute-specific-material learning. All students use iPods, tablet PCs, SmartBoards, SCOLA TV broadcasting, and the internet to round out their holistic language experience.

    Language immersion both in the classroom and in overnight off-campus events help students hone their skills with real-life scenarios and cultural traditions.

    Accreditation is granted by the Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges of the Western Association of Schools and Colleges

    Unique Programs

    The nontraditional programming of the Institute is enhanced by a variety of special programs; these include the Immersion Program, Language Survival Kits, the Field Support and Special Programs Division, and HEADSTART.

    The Immersion Program is at an off-site location where students stay from one to three days, and are not allowed to speak English. Students engage in real-life activities like making reservations, bargaining, and discussing food. 30-day, in-country immersions are also available.

    Language Survival Kits are pamphlets on a variety of topics with CDs to be used in the field.

    The Field Support and Special Programs Division gives cultural training and basic language instruction service members pre-deployment.

    HEADSTART is a dynamic 80-hour basic-language-instruction DVD. It is currently available in Dari, Pashto, and Iraqi Arabic.


    Federal Title IV aid programs are available and tuition is generally paid by the government or sponsoring agency.

    Local Community

    Beloved American author John Steinbeck captures the true heart of Monterey in his famous novels, Tortilla Flat and Cannery Row. The original residents were rugged pioneers who were brought out to California under the promise of gold and who eventually went on to establish towns, families, and lives out in this picturesque, untamed state. Fishing is a great boon in this small town; and the Monterey Aquarium and fisheries on Cannery Row draw many a tourist, as do the nearby golf courses such as Pebble Beach, and the famed 17-Mile Drive. The residents are a close-knit and friendly bunch, proud of their harbor town and its natural beauty, and ready to share their love with visitors just passing through.

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    Student Enrollment Demographics

    Carnegie Foundation Classification

    Associate's — Public Special Use
    Undergraduate PopulationHigher full-time two-year
    EnrollmentExclusively undergraduate two-year
    Size & SettingLarge two-year

    General Characteristics

    Title IV EligibilityNot currently participating in Title IV, does not have OPE ID number
    Highest offeringAssociate's degree
    Calendar SystemN/A
    Years of college work requiredN/A
    Variable TuitionN/A
    Religious AffiliationN/A
    Congressional District617

    Special Learning Opportunities

    Distance LearningN/A
    ROTC — Army / Navy / Air Force N/A —  N/A /  N/A /  N/A
    Study AbroadN/A
    Weekend CollegeN/A
    Teacher CertificationN/A

    Admission Criteria

     = Required,   = Recommended,   = Neither required nor recommended
    Open AdmissionsN/A
    Secondary School GPA / Rank / Record N/A /  N/A /  N/A
    College Prep. CompletionN/A
    Formal competency demoN/A
    Admission test scoresN/A
    Other testsN/A

    Admission Credits Accepted

    Dual CreditN/A
    Life ExperienceN/A
    Advanced Placement (AP)N/A

    Student Services

    Remedial ServicesN/A
    Academic / Career CounselingN/A
    PT Cost-defraying EmploymentN/A
    Career PlacementN/A
    On-Campus Day CareN/A
    Library FacilityN/A

    Student Living

    First-time Room / Board RequiredN/A
    Dorm CapacityN/A
    Meals per WeekN/A
    Room FeeN/A
    Board FeeN/A

    Faculty Compensation / Salaries

    Ranks 4022nd for the average full-time faculty salary.
    Tenure system
    Average FT Salary $44,596 ($44,648 male / $44,544 female)
    Number of FT Faculty 1,225 (613 male / 612 female)
    Number of PT Faculty N/A
    FT Faculty Ratio N/A
    Total Benefits $5,137,034

    Elisabeth Bailey+

    Elisabeth Bailey is a freelance writer and editor with particular interests in academics, food,and sustainability . She is also the author of A Taste of the Maritimes: Local, Seasonal Recipes the Whole Year Round and writes regularly for Canadian Farmers’ Almanac and the National Wildlife Federation. Elisabeth and her family live and enjoy great local food in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.

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