The genesis of the Ashland Community and Technical College (ACTC) dates back to the late 1930s with the founding of Ashland Junior College. In 1964, the junior college was renamed Ashland Community College and brought under the jurisdiction of the University of Kentucky Community College System. Legislators in Frankfort mandated creation of the Kentucky Community and Technical College System in 1998, absorbing the schools that had been part of the University of Kentucky system for decades. Ashland Community College merged with Ashland Technical College in 2003 to form the current institution, a local college offering both vocational training programs and a stepping stone to further education.
The college operates on a semester calendar system, with one full and two short summer sessions. It has been continually accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Articulation agreements with nearby institutions like Marshall University, Shawnee State University and the University of Kentucky ensure that students with the baccalaureate as their goal can seamlessly transfer to a four-year school.