One way to raise your GPA is to master the skill of listening. It is a common misconception that listening and hearing are the same thing. Hearing refers to the ability to detect sound. Listening requires concentration.
Listening is based on three basic skills: attitude, attention, and adjustment.
Staying positive is essential for open-mindedness. Dont assume a lecture is going to be dull and boring. If the lecturer makes statements or presents ideas that you dont agree with, dont assume that he/she is wrong.
You must focus your attention on the lecture. What you are hearing will enter your short term memory. From there, it will be processed into ideas. Attentive listening insures that the ideas are processed.
Be flexible enough to follow a lecture regardless of the direction it may take. If you find yourself completely lost, ask a clarifying question.
Students spend 20 percent of all school related hours just listening. Most people struggle to provide information in a clear concise manner and may need a little help delivering it. Keep asking for a better explanation or more information. Don’t be afraid to use non-verbal questioning as someone is speaking – look “puzzled” or hesitant while they are speaking and more often than not they will respond with clarification. If they dont pick up on your non-verbal cues, dont hesitate to verbally ask for more information. Luckily, active listening skills can be learned. You can use the following tactics to make sure you understand what is being said:
Here are some additional steps to take to help improve your listening skills:
If you dont like a class, listening to the lecture can be a chore. Decide before class that the time spent in class will be time well spent. Your attitude can affect your listening. Dont dismiss anyone. Even the world’s most successful people can learn something from everyone.
Maintain eye contact. Gestures, body language, and tone of voice usually emphasize a speakers remarks. Some experts believe that body language and tone of voice account for 95% of the listening communication process. Because communication is both physical and oral, you must watch as well as listen.
When the instructor asks a question, pay attention. The question is being asked so you understand and remember the answer. Be sure to notice the questions asked by others in class. The instructor may provide a more detailed explanation or give examples to clarify the concept.
If you are dominating the conversation, you do not have an opportunity to listen. It doesn’t take long for another person to disengage from a conversation if they aren’t given a chance to talk.
Choose a seat where you will have an unobstructed view of the speaker. Sit up straight. Move away from disruptions doors, windows, and people.
Do not critique the speakers style, dress, or mannerisms. This is not a beauty contest. Concentrate on the content of the lecture.
Its a good idea to take notes, but any other writing may be a distraction. Distractions prevent you from listening.
When a speaker is finished speaking, summarize the important points as you understand them. You will be able to identify any disconnects. Often two people can have a conversation and come away from it with entirely different interpretations. Feedback will help prevent this.
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